Abbas Karimi, a swimmer born without both arms, and from Afghanistan

What worst fears and odds can a man encounter? It can’t be as worse as being born without arms and hands, yet swimming. The first time Abbas Karimi jumped into a pool, the water provided him with relief from the intense heat of Kabul.

It also gave him a sense of freedom and protection. Swimming propelled Karimi, who is one of six athletes competing for the Refugee Paralympic Team in Tokyo, to flee Afghanistan when he was 16. After winning a national championship in his homeland, he yearned to train for international competition without the daily fears of war and terrorism.

Eight years after Karimi escaped Afghanistan, he led the parade of nations into the stadium at the Paralympics’ opening ceremony on Tuesday night as one of two flag bearers for the refugee team.

Karimi is one of millions who chose to escape violence in Afghanistan long before the current crisis. In 2013, one of Karimi’s older brothers took him to Iran and connected him with a group that was traveling to Turkey. Over three days and nights, they hiked or stowed in trucks to pass over mountains on the way.

Once in Turkey, Karimi moved between four different refugee camps, nearly one per year. He was determined to keep swimming, sometimes taking a bus twice a day, an hour each way, to a pool where he could train.

In Afghanistan, he had started swimming freestyle and breaststroke events, but his coaches in Turkey persuaded him to learn the dolphin kick so that he could swim the butterfly.

“He likes people who talk about their dreams,” said Najibullah Tajik, 20. “If you talk about something else that is just easy, he doesn’t like that. He wants action.”

At the 2019 world championships in London, Karimi stood sixth in the 50-meter butterfly. It was a tough year for him, as his father died in Kabul shortly after the meet.

Karimi said his father had been his earliest fan, telling him, “‘You don’t have arms, but you became a swimmer and you are something now.’”

When the pandemic hit last year, the pool where the Reign Masters practiced shut down.  Karimi could not get in the water for nearly four months. Eager to keep training, he joined the team’s assistant coach, Allen J. Larson, to search for open pools. At first, the only one they could find was an hour’s drive away and had limited hours.

During a 10-day trip to Folsom, California, where they swam every day, Mr. Larson learned from his sister, who is also a swimmer, about a coach in Florida, where pools remained open. A couple of emails later, Karimi had an invitation to move to Fort Lauderdale to live and train with another masters coach, Marty Hendrick.

In Fort Lauderdale, Hendrick’s team of coaches helped Karimi adjust his body position to speed up his dives off the starting block, as well as to refine his dolphin kick so that he could use it not only for the butterfly, but also for the backstroke. “What we discovered is Abbas’s dolphin kick is significantly faster than his two-leg flutter kick,” Mr. Hendrick said. “So his backstroke has been greatly improved.”

After practice, Hendrick bans swim talk of more than 10 minutes, and the pair watch Marvel movies together, with Hendrick occasionally pressing pause to define a phrase in English for Karimi.

“I can picture him in a Marvel movie,” Hendrick said. “He thinks he would be a great villain. I could see him as a superhero, kind of a mixture of Aquaman, Superman and Spider-Man, with all his abilities.”

After a practice in Tokyo earlier this week, Hendrick said he wanted Karimi not just to think about his medal hopes, but also to enjoy the experience.

“He’s already a champion,” Hendrick said. “There are not enough awards for what he’s done, but I wanted him to enjoy this, have fun with it.”

The backdrop of news from Afghanistan is inevitably “very, very hard,” Karimi said. Ives is also working to help bring one of Karimi’s brothers, Asghar, to the United States from a refugee camp in Turkey.

One of Mr. Karimi’s Portland friends, Saifullah Tajik, 21, said he told Karimi that he should not focus on what’s going on in his homeland while competing in Tokyo.  “You have been working hard for as long as I’ve known you, and there are so many things happening in Afghanistan,” Mr. Tajik said he told his friend. “Just keep your mind clear and focused on your approach.”

With international competition the goal, Karimi had begun posting on Facebook to seek support to reach the Paralympics. Not long after he arrived in Turkey, he connected with Mike Ives, a retired wrestling and football coach in Portland, Ore., who eventually mounted a letter-writing campaign that helped Karimi resettle as a refugee in the United States in 2016.

Karimi lived with Ives in Portland and joined a U.S. Masters Swimming team, the Oregon Reign Masters. In 2017, Karimi competed in the para swimming world championships in Mexico City for the refugee team and won a silver medal in the 50-meter butterfly.

Ives taught Karimi to drive; he passed his license test on his third try. And Karimi made friends with other Afghan refugees in Portland. They would cheer him on at practices and meets and watch action movies with him. Bruce Lee is Karimi’s idol.

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