Health

40 per cent of infertility cases in India attributed to problems in men

The Indian society has been putting the onus on women for ages, subjecting them to a lot of social stigma for being unable to bear children.

The Hush Post: Parenthood seems to be eluding more and more young Indians of late as they are finding it hard to conceive. Infertility in India is gaining epidemic proportions day by day. It is estimated that infertility has risen by 20 to 30 per cent, affecting 10 to 14% of the Indian population in the last five years. Latest studies indicate that the rate of infertility seems to be higher among the urban population, with one out of six couples experiencing the problem.

The Indian society has been putting the onus on women for ages, subjecting them to a lot of social stigma for being unable to bear children. On the contrary, this phenomenon is not confined only to women as in nearly 40% of all infertility cases, the cause can be attributed to a problem in the man.

Dr Hrishikesh D Pai, Director, IVF Bloom, Fortis, Mohali  and former Secretary General of the Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecological Societies of India, stresses that equal importance needs to be given to male infertility and create awareness about the condition.

He said, “In men, the most common reasons for infertility include a low sperm count and poor motility of the sperm and absent sperms. Other factors such as excessive consumption of foods that increase estrogen in the blood, long-term inhalation of toxins in the air, erectile dysfunction, early ejaculation of semen, cancer or infection of the genital system and diabetes also contribute to the condition. Increasingly, following an unhealthy lifestyle including diet imbalance, addiction to smoking or alcoholism, drugs, sedentary existence, or mental and emotional stress, all have become factors that contribute to a poor sperm count.”

Dr Pooja Mehta, Consultant, IVF Bloom Mohali said, “Medical science has advanced so much that men with poor sperm count and absent sperm can now become father of a baby. Getting diagnosed at an early stage will not only save discomfort and expense but also help in timely treatment”.

“One needs to understand that IVF is not a treatment of illness. It is the process of forming new life.  Problems lie with the eggs or the sperms and also the labs. The labs need to be good as the process of embryo formation is very much dependent on the lab quality”, she added.

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