The Hush Post|8:00 am|3-min-read
What is menstruation?
Menstruation or period is the normal vaginal bleeding that occurs as part of a woman’s monthly cycle. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy, so the blood passes out of the body through the vagina. If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus, or womb, sheds its lining. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus.
Menstruation or period usually start between the age of 11 to 14 and continue till menopause at about age 45 to 51. Usually, they last from three to five days. Moreover apart from bleeding from the vagina, you may have
- Bloating and aching breasts
- Food cravings
- Mood swings and irritability
- Lower back pain
- Headache and tiredness
- If cramps bother you, you can try a warm heating pad on your belly
What’s the menstrual cycle?
The length of the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman. But in an average, the cycle is of 28 days. Regular cycles that are longer or shorter than this, from 21 to 40 days, are normal.
The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones. It is the hormonal driven cycle. Day 1 is the first day of your period (bleeding) while day 14 is the approximate day you ovulate and if an egg is not fertilized, hormone levels eventually drop and at about day 25; the egg begins to dissolve and the cycle begins again with the period at about day 30.
When are you most fertile?
There’s only a short time when women can get pregnant, and that is the time around ovulation. It is difficult to exactly know when ovulation happens. But in most women, it happens around 10 to 16 days before the next period. This might be true only for women who have a regular, 28-day cycle, but it won’t apply to women whose cycles are shorter or longer.
When to consult a doctor about your period?
- have severe cramps that don’t get better with pain-killers
- You have not started your periods by the age of 15.
- You have not started menstruating within 3 years after breast growth began, or if breasts haven’t started to grow by age 13.
- have periods for more than 7 days
- If the period suddenly stops for more than 90 days.
- Your periods become very irregular after having had regular, monthly cycles.
- Your period occurs more often than every 21 days or less often than every 35 days.
- You are bleeding more heavily than usual or using more than 1 pad or tampon every 1 to 2 hours.
- You bleed between periods.
How Much Blood Comes Out?
It looks like a lot of blood comes out. But a girl usually loses only a few tablespoons of blood during the whole period.
Why does your weight increases during periods?
As your periods start approaching, you may have felt that your stomach gets bigger, and your breast size also grows more substantial than regular days.
The primary female sex hormone estrogen increases during periods, resulting in fluid accumulation in the body. If the weight machine shows you some extra weight, then it is the weight of the water which automatically decreases as the period ends.
The hunger and desire for food increases: During periods, if your mouth keeps running and you keep eating something, then it increases the fluid retention in the body and then your weight increases. But try not to take any unhygienic diet.
No Workout due to pain: When your body is feeling bloated, your stomach is in pain, you become lazier. The reality is that if you workout during the periods, you will get rid of fluid retention and also reduce to a stomachache.
Reduce the amount of Caffeine: If you want your weight to remain normal during periods, then you should keep your coffee and tea amount in control.
Menopause is the process through which a woman stops to be fertile or menstruate. It is a normal part of life. It is not considered a disease or a condition. Menopause can take a few years, and periods usually change gradually during this time. After menopause is totally complete, you can’t get pregnant anymore.
Menopause can lead to many complications like
- Cardiovascular disease: A drop in estrogen levels has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Osteoporosis: A woman may lose bone density rapidly during the first few years after menopause.
- Urinary incontinence: Menopause causes the tissues of the vagina and urethra to lose their elasticity. This can result in frequent, sudden, and overwhelming urges to urinate. Women may involuntarily urinate after coughing, sneezing, laughing, or lifting during menopause.
- Breast cancer: Women face a higher risk of breast cancer following menopause. Regular exercise can significantly reduce the risk.