DIWALI SPECIAL Day 4: Govardhan Puja & Vishwakarma Day

The Hush Post| 08:15am|2-min-read

Diwali does not end with Lakshmi Puja. The next day is the day of celebrating Nature, trees, forests, agriculture land and anything from Nature which helps us sustain life.

The day after Diwali is the first day of the bright fortnight of the solar calendar. The day is celebrated as Govardhan Puja in most parts of Central India. It is regionally called as Annakut (heap of grain), Padwa, Bali Pratipada, and other names.

Lord Krishna worshipped

It honours the legend of Lord Krishna saving the cowherd and farming communities. He lifted the Govardhan mountain to save people from incessant rains triggered by Indra’s anger. The legend is remembered through the ritual of building small mountain-like miniatures from cow dung.

According to Kinsley, the ritual use of cow dung, which is a common fertilizer, is an agricultural celebration of its significance to annual crop cycles. Hence, the observance of this day by many Hindus as Annakut, meaning “mountain of food”.

This day ritually also celebrates the bond between the wife and husband in some Hindu communities. Husbands give gifts to their wives. In other regions, parents invite a newly married daughter, or son, together with their spouses to a festive meal and give them gifts.

Hindu temples on this day prepare “mountains of sweets” and distribute them to devotees. In Gujarat, Annakut is the first day of the new year and celebrated through the purchase of essentials, or sabras (literally, “good things in life”), such as salt,sugar, etc.

Day of worshipping machines

Another important day Vishwakarma Day or diwas is also celebrated a day after Diwali on the same day as Govardhan puja. Vishwakarma is a Hindu god, considered the divine architect who constructed the holy city of Dwarka where Krishna ruled. He was the creator of many powerful weapons for the gods. He is also called the divine carpenter and a genius in the science of mechanics and architecture.

The day is observed primarily in factories, industrial areas, workshops. The day is marked with worshipping of tools, machines by artisans, craftsmen, mechanics, smiths, welders, industrial workers, factory workers, etc. They pray for safe working conditions, smooth functioning of machines and success in their respective fields. The craftsmen do not use the tools on this day. Modern electronic equipment are also worshipped.

Special statues and pictures of Vishwakarma are normally installed in every workplace and factory. All workers gather at one place and perform puja.

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