The Hush Post: According to the estimates of the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) about 3,86,000 babies were born on New Year’s Day, with India right at the top with 69,070 births. Most of the new borns were born in countries like India, China, Pakistan and Bangladesh and some African countries. Further the report exacts that globally over half the births were estimated to have taken place in nine countries: India (69,070), China (44,760), Nigeria (20,210), Pakistan (14,910), Indonesia (13,370), the US (11,280), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (9,400), Ethiopia (9,020) and Bangladesh (8,370) respectively.
At this rate every year, 2.5 crore children add to India’s population while with 22,500 deaths roughly 82 lakh people die every year. This results in an addition of about 1.68 crore people to the country’s population annually.
In 2016, an estimated 2,600 children died within the first day. The data for 2017 unfortunately is unavailable. Unicef said that for almost two million newborns, their first week was also their last. In all, 2.6 million children died before the end of their first month. Among them, more than 80 per cent died from preventable and treatable causes such as premature birth, complications during delivery and infections like sepsis and other last minute gynaecological disorders.
In the last two decades, the world has seen unprecedented progress in infant survival rate, halving the number of children worldwide who die before their fifth birthday to 5.6 million in 2016. But despite these advances, there has been slower progress for newborns. Babies dying in the first month account for 46 per cent of all deaths among children under five.
Next month, Unicef will launch “Every Child Alive,” a global campaign to demand and deliver affordable, quality health care solutions for every mother and newborn.
Experts say, at this rate India’s population will soon surpass China. While there is going to be a younger India which will translate into more earning hands, however, the cause of concern is the less more of opportunities and jobs.