Started in March this year, a three-month-long trial excavation found the chariots and other items including three coffins, swords, daggers, combs and ornaments
The Hush Post: In a major discovery, the archaeologists have found chariots and artefacts belonging to the Bronze Age, in Baghpat district of Uttar Pradesh.
“We are now certain that when in 2000 BC, the Mesopotamians were using chariots, swords, and helmets during wars, we also had similar things,” the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) researchers were quoted as saying.
For the first time the archaeologists believe that chariots which are around 4,000 years old have been found, a report said on Thursday.
Started in March this year, a three-month-long trial excavation found the chariots and other items including three coffins, swords, daggers, combs and ornaments. These have been found in the excavations, the report said.
“It is shocking to find such antique from the ancient civilization in this area. Many royal tombs have also been found during the excavation. Whatever has been found so far seems to be 4,000 years old, which is approximately 2000-1800 BC,” an ASI official Dr Manjul was quoted as saying.
The chariots found in the burial pits remind one of the familiar images of horse-drawn carriages from mythological television shows said the excavators, it was reported.
“The wheels rotated on a fixed axle linked by a draft pole to the yoke of a pair of animals. The axle was attached with a superstructure consisting of a platform protected by side-screens and a high dashboard,” Dr Manjul was quoted as saying. The wheels and the pole were decorated with copper triangles, symbolic of the rays of the sun.
The ASI official described the excavation drive a “path-breaking” one not only because of whole the chariot that was found but also for the copper plated anthropomorphic figures, having horns and peepal-leafed crowns, which indicate a possibility of “royal burials”, the report said.
While coffins have been discovered during past excavations in Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Dholavira but never with copper decorations, said the archaeologist adding that “for the first time in the entire sub-continent we have found this kind of coffin. The cover is highly decorated with eight anthropomorphic figures and the sides with floral motifs.”
The discovery of swords, daggers, shields and a helmet confirms the existence of a warrior population, and the earthen and copper pots, semi-precious and steatite beads, combs, and a copper mirror from the burial pits point towards sophisticated craftsmanship and lifestyle. Archaeologists said even though the Harappans are known to have migrated to the Yamuna region, the recent findings were “completely different” from the ancient civilisation, the report said.